Awareness on the importance of social responsibility and community work in Malaysian public universities is increasing. The continuous demand of graduates with soft skills by Malaysian employers has encouraged universities to consider community learning and soft skills enhancement as the top priority in order to produce capable and qualified graduates. To address such issues, this study aims to examine how the community service course helps in achieving and developing the soft skills of students from the nine selected public universities in Malaysia. Specifically, the study investigates the community service courses provided in these universities in Malaysia in terms of their plan, implementation, and evaluation. A qualitative approach is used to achieve the objectives of this study.Generally, Malaysian universities slightly differ on the said terms. However, the findings can be useful in developing a model that considers the best practices and experiences relating to the universities’ response to social responsibility and sustainability through the community service course.Consequently, two community service models have been formulated.
Keywords: Community service, social responsibility, sustainability,
There have been a number of studies that explores how people from different cultural and linguistic backgrounds communicate. However, many of these investigations tend to focus on socio-pragmatic failures, communication breakdowns, and the negative consequences of intercultural communication. The study aims to present a positive aspect of communication across cultures. It analyzed transcriptions of naturally occurring spoken data that show how lingua franca speakers of English and their teacher handle a misunderstanding and turn it into an opportunity for building social relations. Using linguistic ethnography as a methodology, the findings of the study demonstrate that limited language proficiency and differences of discourse conventions can, indeed, lead to miscommunication.However, the results also suggest that if speakers collaboratively work to handle the repair, miscommunication can lead to a positive outcome.Keywords: intercultural communication, miscommunication, culture, English as a lingua franca.
Keywords: intercultural communication, miscommunication, culture, English as a lingua franca
Bukidnon are at risk. However, agri-industries can create venues to conserve biodiversity and, at the same time, promote environmental stewardship of communities. This exploratory study seeks to understand corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) of agro-industrial companies in Bukidnon, specifically focusing on biodiversity and natural resources conservation and environmental stewardship. The output of the study revealed that environmental programs are separated from the CSR program.Environmental programs include forest protection, natural resources conservation, sanitation and health and compliance to legal mandates and international certifications. However, environmental concerns raised by communities also relate to social concerns on livelihood, health and, well-being. Thus, CSR should be re-directed toward developing mechanisms that promote environmental stewardship, particularly on biodiversity and natural resources conservation, to respond to social concerns.An institutionalized partnership among companies, communities, and LGUs should be able to provide inclusive, greater accountability and responsibility for environmental management through the CSR program.
Keywords: corporate social responsibility, biodiversity conservation, environmental stewardship
While there are already efforts on Corporate Social Responsibility(CSR) by the agro-industrial companies in Bukidnon, there is still a need to assess whether such initiatives are relevant and responsive to the needs of
communities. Hence, this study described and explored the nature of community participation in an assessment of CSR initiatives of the agro-industrial companies in the province. Through qualitative methods (e.g., Focus Group Discussions and In-depth Interviews), it was found out that communities were grateful to the companies for providing them services such as livelihood projects, scholarships, school buildings, road repairs, and medical missions. However, they recognized their relatively limited participation in the formulation and implementation of CSR initiatives.Thus, companies have to develop mechanisms for communities’ active participation in the formulation, implementation, and evaluation of CSR for more responsive and relevant programs/projects. Company-LGU partnership also needs to be strengthened for more sustainable CSR programs/projects.Keywords: community participation, assessment, corporate social responsibility, agro-industrial companies.
Keywords: community participation, assessment, corporate social responsibility, agro-industrial companies
Agroforestry is a land use management system that could address the challenges of sustainable development and climate change. Thus, there is a need to assess this system focusing on ecological conservation. This study combines qualitative and quantitative methods in assessing the ecological services of three agroforestry farm models in Bukidnon. These farms show differences in farmer adopters’ practices, area, and biophysical conditions.However, data reveal that these agroforestry farms show evidence of their contribution to ecological services such as biodiversity, carbon sequestration, and soil erosion. The provisioning service of biodiversity is the priority for agroforestry adopters. The diversity of species planted is for food, timber, domestic and income uses. Agroforestry farms with high diversity have high carbon stock. Farms with a higher number of years of existence also have favorable soil conditions for plant growth. Agroforestry Farm with the highest number of years has a higher carbon stock for undergrowth and litter. Findings also reveal that soil erosion rates of the three agroforestry farms are within the tolerable limit. Results substantiate the need for LGUs and government institutions to provide support to agroforestry to sustain its contribution to biodiversity and natural resources conservation and sustain the ecological services of agroforestry in Bukidnon.
Keywords: Agroforestry system, ecological services, adoption, biodiversity,carbon sequestration
This study is a documentation of cultural artifacts found in the anthropological Section of the Museum of Central Mindanao University.The collections were inventoried and entered into an electronic database.The database recorded the following collections: stone tools, pottery, basketry, musical instruments, household materials, personal adornments, assorted tools, money, paintings and old photographs among others. The artifacts were digitally photographed to preserve the images of the specimens that might deteriorate in the future due to adverse environmental conditions. Key informant interviews and library research were carried out to fill in the information gap.
Keywords: museum, documentation, digitalization, culture, artifacts
The study investigated the effects of three prewriting settings(individual, group face-to-face and group “chat” via synchronous computer-mediated-communication) on college freshmen's writing performance.Subjects were 203 college freshmen enrolled in five sections of freshman writing taught by four teachers. Students in each section were randomly assigned into one of the prewriting settings, and all three settings were facilitated by the same teacher per section. Students were exposed to four writing sessions; namely, expository, descriptive, narrative, and argumentative. Essays were rated using an adapted holistic rubric considering three features of the compositions; namely, content, organization, mechanics, and grammar. Comparison of mean differences was performed using ANOVA followed by the Tukey HSD procedure.Although the prewriting settings had no significant effect on the content of the four essays and on the organization of most of the essays, it was found that the mean scores for mechanics in the group “chat” were significantly higher than those in the other two settings for descriptive and argumentative essays. Among the three prewriting settings, group “chat” was found to have a positive effect on students’ writing performance. Free writing and listing were found to be the most preferred prewriting techniques by students. Integration of computer technology into the writing process is then recommended.
Keywords: computer-mediated-communication, prewriting, writing performance.
An investigation was made to determine the effect of a Process-Oriented Guided-Inquiry Learning (POGIL) environment in teaching geometry on students’ mathematics performance and beliefs. A pretest-posttest and descriptive-correlational research design were used to ascertain if a significant difference would occur in students’ performance after exposure to POGIL and to identify predictors of mathematics performance, respectively. Two intact classes of sophomores were used as respondents. Questionnaires on students’ mathematics beliefs, problem solving beliefs, and Schommer’s epistemological beliefs were floated before and after the intervention. Students took the pretest and posttest in Geometry, a researcher-made test, validated by experts and pilot tested with a Cronbach alpha of 0.80. Results show that respondents believed most on simple knowledge and the least on fixed ability. Also, they had a moderately refined conception of the nature of Mathematics prior to and after POGIL instruction. The t-test of difference indicated that their performance increased significantly. A significant correlation between their performance and beliefs was established using Pearson product moment correlation. Linear regression analysis revealed that students’ epistemological beliefs are the best predictor of mathematics performance. Another factor, like nature of math belief, also influenced their performance. Findings show that both general and domain specific beliefs affected students’ performance.
Keywords: P O GI L, performance, beliefs, cooperative learning