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This follow-up survey of the graduates of Central Mindanao University Teacher Education Program endeavored to determine the status of its graduates from 1990 to 2000. Specifically, the study sought to determine the personal and employment profile of the graduates; ascertain the level of competencies developed during college; identify their views on the teacher education program at CMU in terms of relevance to their job; and assess their quality of performance on the job.
The 216 respondents out of 512 graduates from 1990-2000 were determined after the identification of CMU graduates teaching in the various schools divisions in the region. Purposive and convenience sampling techniques were used in the determination of the respondents.
Data revealed that a typical graduate of the Central Mindanao University Teacher Education Program was between 26 and 35 years old, female, married, Roman Catholic, and Cebuano. Majority were in the teaching profession and employed in public/government schools with permanent status. Their readiness for the job based on their college preparation ranged from very good to excellent. They had a generally very satisfactory rating. The great majority of the graduates found their degrees relevant to their present position. Hence, it can be inferred that the teacher education program of CMU has achieved its goal of producing teachers with relevant qualifications. Moreover, the leading job-related problems encountered by the graduates in the field include lack of incentives, distance from home to school and slow promotion.
As to their level of competencies developed during college, they were very satisfactory in planning the lesson, motivating and sustaining student interest, use of appropriate teaching strategies, preparation and use of appropriate visual aids, decision making, test construction and evaluating learning outcomes. However, they only had satisfactory level of research competencies.
It is generally viewed by the graduates that teacher education program in CMU adequately prepared them for teaching. As to the graduates’ quality of performance on the job as rated by their supervisors, they were generally very good.
Keywords: teaching competencies, program relevance, research competencies and quality of performance
[/showhide type="link2" more_text="Abstract" less_text="Show less"]The study examines the constraints to the provision of feedback on agroforestry technologies as a necessary way of overcoming the gap between farmers and researchers in three selected states of Nigeria. Feedback is the pattern of relating information from farmers to the researchers once the farmers have received or adopted the innovation.
A simple random sampling technique to select 163 farmers and the interview schedule to collect demographic data and feedback provision variables were used in the study. The Statistical Packages for Social Sciences (SPSS) was employed to analyze the results. The Chi-Square for variables at the nominal level and Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC) for the interval level were used, respectively. The Multiple Regression Analysis was used to determine the contribution of the independent variables to explain the variance in the dependent variable.
The result of the Chi-Square shows that gender, age, marital status and educational level of farmers are significantly related to constraints to provision of feedback (X2=12.42 p = 0.03; X2 = 6.22 p = 0.04; X2 = 13.94 p =0.00; X2 = 33.94 p = 0.00, respectively). From the multiple regression analysis, the Double-log function was taken as the lead equation due to the fact that 67 percent of constraints to feedback provision were explained by the independent variables. Only farm size (t-value=-3.31, <0.05), education (t-value=3.84, <0.05) had a significant relationship with constraints to feedback.
The results indicate that majority of the farmers do not provide feedback on these technologies. The prominent constraint was the absence or insufficient organized efforts to obtain feedback on these technologies and on the dissemination process. It is recommended that feedback should be conducted as an integral part of the technology transfer process and not reduced to incidental occurrences.
Keywords: feedback provisions, agroforestry technologies, farmers, Nigeria[/showhide]
Adaptation trials for wet-direct seeded rice (WDSR) breeding lines and the use of Leaf Color Chart (LCC) were conducted for two seasons to identify the best breeding lines to be recommended to the National Seed Industry Council for Varietal release; determine if the use of LCC can be as effective as that of soil analysis in determining the nitrogen requirement of different rice varieties or lines; and evaluate the resistance of the different check varieties and rice breeding lines to rice tungro virus (RTV) and other major disease in the locality. Nine breeding lines and for check varieties were tested during Wet Season (WS) 2000 and two new breeding lines were added during Dry Season (DS) 2001. The treatments were arranged in a Strip-plot Design in four replications. The fertilizer treatments were laid out on the horizontal strips and varieties or lines on the vertical strips. Grain yield, agronomic characteristics, tungro virus, sheath rot and lodging were evaluated.
During WS 2000 grain yields were generally low compared to DS 2001 both at N1 (LCC based N-Level) and at N2 (N-based on soil analysis), but no significant difference in yield between N levels was observed.
Likewise, during WS 2000, PR 25348-2-1 gave comparable yield with PSB Rc 18, the highest yielding check. Nitrogen requirement determined by LCC reading ranged from 80-120 kg ha-1 which was on the green color intensity scale of 4-5 (light-green to dark-green) as compared to 90 kg ha-1 but N1 (LCC reading) remained at 80-100 kg ha-1 only and still no significant difference in grain yields has been observed. PR 26684-31-2-1-5 and IR 73888-1-2-7 gave highest yields, out yielding all check varieties. All other breeding lines gave comparable yields with that of PSB Rc 30 and PSB Rc 28, the highest yielding check varieties when RTV pressure was low.
Other agronomic characters such as plant height, days to heading and maturity as well as reactions to major diseases were highly significant among varieties and lines but not between N levels.
IR 71606-1-1-4-2-3-1-2 and PR 26684-3-1-2-1-5 breeding lines passed the test after four seasons of trials and were already approved and recommended to become varieties by the NRVIG.
PSV Rc 18 remained to be a national check and ideal for high rice tungro virus environment nationwide.
The study examined the offshore on biodiversity at Otuo oil Mining Lease (OML) 59 in Bayelsa State, Nigeria to relate its impact to the statutory framework of environmental regulation and guidelines. One hundred and twenty respondents were interviewed directly and indirectly by using a survey questionnaire for the flora and fauna species richness and for meteorological data.
The study revealed serious deplorable conditions for the renewable coastal resources due to the exploitation activities. The species that are mostly affected are the piscivorous birds like fish eagle Haliaetus vocifera, Africa darters Egnetta gularis, glossy Ibis Chyx picta, etc. due to their behavioral activities which are closely associated with environment. The study revealed 11 species of reptiles, 9 species of amphibians, 8 species of mammals and 15 species of water-associated birds. The vegetation cover was distributed along the coastline of the whole area with characteristics representative species such as Rhizophora species, Brachystegia species and Anacardium occidentalis associated with mangrove forest, freshwater forest and economic trees, respectively.
The most serious of the ecological impact from the respondents’ views was incessant pollution of the freshwater (25.7%) which caused difficulty among inhabitants to have access to good drinking water. About one-fourth (24.6%) of the respondents indicated that increase in atmospheric temperature was frequently experienced which certainly affected the biodiversity composition and ecological degradation of the area.
Keywords: Flora, fauna, oil mining, Nigeria
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Central Mindanao University Journal of Science