Several laws and legislations have been passed as regards to the promotion of gender equity not only the Philippines but in the other countries as well. These include: The 1975 Sex Discrimination Act (United Kingdom); Brighton Declaration on Women and Sports issued on 8 May 1994, and the Beijing Platform for Action (BPA) adopted in 1995 in Beijing, among others. Likewise, the Philippine government has already undertaken various activities relative to the promotion of gender equity in sports.
Gender equity means giving equal opportunities for both men and women. Statistics shows that in the previous years there have been apparent disparities in the number of male and female coaches in both national and local sports associations in the country. Usually, male coaches outnumbered the female coaches handling the national and local teams. Hence, this study was conducted to assess the equity in the distribution of assignments and the level of qualifications for men and women coaches in the province of Laguna.
The study was limited to the five-SCUAA member schools in Laguna. Data were gathered through interviews using a self administered questionnaire. The respondents included all the forty-nine (49) coaches of the five-SCUAA member schools in Laguna, of which, thirty-four (34) were male while fifteen (15) were female. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used in the analysis of the study. Summations, weighted means and percentages were used to determine the levels of qualifications and assignments of coaches while T-test was used to determine the significance of the differences between the genders in each level of qualifications and assignments.
Results of the study showed that men and women coaches have no significant difference in terms of the level of qualifications except for educational background. Female coaches gained a higher than male coaches. In terms of the level of assignments, there is no significant difference between the male and female coaches. Hence gender equity exists in the five-SCUAA member schools in Laguna.
Keywords: coaches, assignment, qualifications, gender
Survey of Weeds in Croplands of Bukidnon
Authors: Maria Estela b. Detalla & Evangeline B. Sinamban
A survey of weeds in croplands of Bukidnon was done to document the weeds infesting lowland and upland crops and to determine in the severity of infestation of these weeds. Samples were taken from a total of 38 sites within 29 barangays of the 9 municipalities selected, with focus on lowland rice and corn areas. The belt transect method was used in sampling and a visual assessment of the degree of infestation was done.
Fifty-one upland weed species, belonging to 21 plant families, were found and most belong to the Poaceae, Asteraceae and Cyperaceae. Rottboellia conchinchinensis and Ageratum conyzoides were found to severely infest corn areas while Ischaemum rugosum severely infested lowland rice areas.
Keywords: weeds, species, infestation, croplands[/showhide type]
Trends and Seasonality of Reproductive Performance of Imported Dairy Cattle in Northern Bukidnon
Author: Julnar E. Pepito
The trend and seasonality of reproductive performance of dairy cattle in the northern part of Bukidnon has been investigated with the following specific objectives: (1) to determine the frequent months of breeding, frequent months of calving and the reproductive wastage of dairy cattle in northern Bukidnon; and, (2) to stimulate the milk production based on the frequent months of calving as effects of frequent months of breeding of dairy cattle in Bukidnon. Surveys and interviews were conducted among dairy farmers and stimulation was done to give feature on the year production considering the breeding and calving months. Frequency, means and percentage were used as statistical tools. Results revealed that peak of breeding and calving is in the months of March and December, respectively. Calving interval reaches to 648 days or 21.60 months derived from the 129 calving intervals. On the other hand, 258 days reproductive wastage was incurred after the deduction with the optimum calving interval of 390 days per cycle. Stimulation shows the tremendous decline of milk production on the months of March to May when there is inadequate supply of feeds and temperature is high.
Keywords: breeding months, calving months, calving interval, reproductive wastage, simulation[/showhide type]
Reinforced Concrete Flat Plates for Low-Cost Slabs
Author: Reinerio P. Supremo
The study was aimed to determine the most cost-efficient design of reinforced concrete flat plate. Results of the study showed that the most cost-efficient design for two-way slab system is by the is by the use of flat plates. A study on reinforced concrete flat plates of 90 mm thickness with main reinforcement of 6 mm diameter deformed bars was conducted. The two-way slab system is composed of 4 panels of 2.5 m by 3 m sizes. The slab is supported by 9 columns having sized of 200 mm square, reinforced with 4-12 mm diameter deformed bars. The slab system is directly supported by the columns because there are no beams provided. The study also demonstrated the deflections of the experimental reinforced concrete flat plates which are comparable to that of the theoretical values and could compare well with the code specified limitations for flat plates.
Keywords: punching shear, slabs, deflection control, fire resistance, yield stress, modulus of elasticity
Stress Concentration Factors of grooved shaft under torsion were determined using finite element analysis (FEA). Different configurations and a torque were selected and simulations were done using ALGOR software. The maximum stresses of the different shafts were determined and all occurred at their smallest cross-sectional area. The stress concentration factors were computed by dividing the maximum stress with the nominal stress. Comparison of the factors showed a coefficient of correlation greater than ninety seven percent (97%) which implies that finite element analysis can be used to determine these factors.
Keywords: ALGOR software, maximum stress, nominal stress, coefficient of correlation, torque, simulation
This study aimed to determine the relationship between the socio-psychological profile of students in the College of Arts and Sciences (CAS) and their academic performance.
Out of the 443 CAS sophomore and freshman students enrolled in the 1st semester, SY 2003-2004, 90 students (20.3%) were randomly selected. Questionnaires were used to generate data on the study habits, socioeconomic and demographic profile of the respondents. Edwards Personal Preference Schedule personality test was conducted among the respondents to generate data on their psychological profile. Basic descriptive statistical test, t-test and Pearson r Coefficient were employed in the data analysis.
The CAS students under study had a low sex ratio, 67.8% resided in municipalities, 75.6% had pre-school education and graduated from public elementary schools, and almost half of them (48.9%) finished from public high school. Most (88.9%) of the parent of the CAS students are living with the family. Many of them have parents who have not earned a degree. Most of their parents, particularly their fathers (62.2%), are marginal farmers and government employees. More than half (56.7%) have mothers who are plain housewives. The psychological profile of CAS students revealed that they are typical workers, very particular with the details of work and highly want order and system in doing their tasks. They would rather become workers than followers. They are least inclined to get intimate with the opposite sex though they are very caring and compassionate with those who are less fortunate. They are less emotionally mature, and have the tendency to feel inferior to others in most respect, thus, lead them to rely on others for encouragement. They are prompt in completing academic requirements have effective study procedures in academic assignments. they have positive opinion about their teachers, their classroom behavior and the educational objectives, practices and requirements. In general, the respondents exhibit relatively poor self-concept but they can work on assigned tasks.
Except for study habits, the socio-psychological profile of CAS students is not associated with their academic performance. Therefore, there are other factors that may be related to academic performance.
Keywords: work orientation, affective relationship, self-regard, authority and leadership, study habits
Chronicled in this short note are salient studies on Philippine filicophytes (ferns) undertaken in the last 100 years (1906-2006) of a 300 year long (1700-2000) history of Philippine pteridology. Commencing with the appearance in 1907 of the first comparative ecological study of the San Ramon 3 Polypodiaceae (sensu lato) by Copeland, there followed a variety of other studies, thus: taxonomic studies (1906-2000), chemical studies (1932, 1935, 1973, 1974, 1988), agronomic studies (1936, 1942, 1983, 1989). biogeographical studies (1950, 2002), morphological studies (1973, 2004), physiological studies (1985, 1986, 1987, 1994), culminating with the appearance in 2006 of the first genetic study of Philippine filicophytes by Carcallas et al. The respective contributions of foregoing studies to the pool of knowledge in Philippine filicology are briefly highlighted.
Keywords: richness, diversity, pteridophytes, Philippines