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A study was conducted to evaluate and generate a profile of the provincial, municipal and city ordinances in the province of Bukidnon on the prevention and control or rabies in dogs from 1992 to 2005. Protocols were coordinated with the Department of the Interior and Local Government. The Local Government Unit (LGU) officials were contacted and courtesy calls were made. The ordinances and the minutes related to the passage of these ordinances were subjected to content analysis. Results revealed that there were one to three ordinances passed per LGU for the prevention and control of rabies in dogs. These ordinances exhibited minimal degree of variation in terms of the problems addressed publicly and the corresponding sanctions imposed on the part of the dog owner violator of biting and impounded dogs. The provincial board members and the city and municipal councilors formulated the ordinances but these have not been implemented by some LGUs because there are no corresponding Implementing Rules and Regulations (IRR). This situation poses a potential public hazard. I is recommended that a technical group must be tapped to formulate the ordinances, funds must be allocated to augment the implementation of the ordinance enforcement of Republic Act No. 8485 or “The Animal Welfare Act of 1998” must be ensured, trade of dogs for meat must be prohibited, pet shops must be required to post information regarding rabies, promotion of responsible pet ownership must be ensured, corresponding IRRs must be promulgated and these ordinances must be strictly implemented by all LGUs in order to have a sager and rabies-worry free environment.
Keywords: hydrophobia, canine, local government, regulation, resolution and elimination
The study was conducted to determine the herbage and sheep productivity of Rensonii (Desmodium rensonii
), Flemengia (Flemengia macrophylla
),Indigofera (Indigofera anul), Mulberry (Morus alba), Madre de cacao (Glircidia sepium
) and Stylo (Stylosanthes guianensis
var. Cook) under different cutting intervals.
Plots of 6x 3m were established in three blocks to accommodate the six species and cutting intervals (45, 60, and 75 days) combinations randomly arranged following the randomized complete block design. Rensonii, Flemengia and Indigofera seeds as well as madre de cacao cuttings were germinated and grown in polyethylene bags under nursery condition. Mulberry cuttings were directly planted to the plots while stylo seeds were sown in the furrowed plots. Transplanting was done at two months age of the plants. Nutritive value of the forages was assessed through in vivo digestibility for dry matter, crude protein using 6 male sheep fed with pure rensonii, flemengia, indigofera, madre de cacao, mulberry and stylo and provided with 7 days adaptation and 5 days collection period for feed intake sampling and feces collection. The live weight gains was evaluated using nine female sheep fed with a 70% paragrass 30% other forage combination or pure paragrass. The sheep were randomly distributed into 3 treatments (species combination) per batch following a complete randomized design (CRD) with 3 replications per treatment. Total weight, average daily gain, total dry matter intake, daily dry matter intake, dry matter intake as percent of sheep’s body weight, feed conversion ratio (FCR) and the return above feed and stock cost (RAESC) were the data gathered.
Results showed rensonii and indigofera had the highest dry matter production (P<.01) both for kg/plot and ton/ha basis while mulberry and madre de cacao had the lowest dry matter production. Cutting interval significantly (P<.01) plant height and those with 75 days interval were tallest compared to those cut at 60 and 45 days. Cost/kg DM produced was higher with mulberry and lowest in rensonii. For the in vivo digestibility, the results were: rensonii and indigofera were the highest in dry mater statistically similar in the parameter. Crude protein digestibility was highest in indigofera (P<.05) as compared to flemengia and the other forage species studied. For the live weight gains, indigofera and paragrass combination was significantly (P<.05) better in dry matter intake expressed as percent of feed and stock cost was highest with paragrass/indigofera and lowest in paragrass/flemengia. Rensonii and indigofera are recommended for sheep production.
Keywords: forages, digestibility, sheep, live weight gains. dry matter production
An assessment of virus diseases in major growing barangays at Lantapan, Bukidnon was concluded. Ten vegetable farmers per barangay served as respondents. Respondent’s farms were surveyed for incidence virus diseases. VIrus diseases were identified through visual observation of symptoms and assay conducted at the Department of Plant Pathology, College of Agriculture. Results showed that white bean mosaic, white bean yellow mosaic, pepper yellow mosaic, pepper line pattern, pepper mosaic, tomato leaf curl, tomato yellow mosaic and tomato mosaic occurred in all the barangays while the rest occurred sporadically.
Keywords: virus, disease, assessment, severity
The study was conducted to explore the existence of a relationship between the van Hiele levels of understanding geometry and students’ achievement in geometry. One-hundred twenty-five sophomore students of central Mindanao University Laboratory High School (CMULHS) were the respondents of the study.
Results of the study revealed that prior to formal instruction, 51 students were classified under level 0 (holistic thinking); 13 students under level 1 (analytic) and 61 students did not belong to the M3 criterion. Although there was a significant change in the van Hiele levels in the pretest and post test, the van Hiele levels of understanding of the students was statistically significantly lower than level 2, the expected level, both before and after formal instruction using paired sample t-test. In their level of achievement, the students were classified under level 3. Measuring the linear relationship between the students’ van Hiele levels of understanding geometry and their achievement in geometry, using Pearson r the correlation coefficient of 0.432 (moderated degree of correlation) for the pretest and 0.731 (high degree of correlation) for the posttest was determined. Using linear regression, it was determined that the van Hieles’ posttest scores (x) of the students predicted their achievement test scores (ȳ); thus the regression equation ȳ=-17.339 +1.942X.
Keywords: van Hiele theory, van Hiele levels of understanding geometry, achievement in geometry
Keywords: sporophyte, spores, gametophytes, gametes, somatic cells, sex cells
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Central Mindanao University Journal of Science