This study aimed to determine the reading comprehension level of students before exposure to SSR and non-SSR methods; identify reading comprehension level of students after exposure to SSR and non-SSR methods, and compare the reading comprehension level of students exposed to SSR and none SSR methods. It used pretest-posttest quasi-experimental design consisting of two intact classes of 79 grade 9 students. One class was exposed to SSR with reflective reading journal and interaction while the other was exposed to non-SSR with no reflective journal reading and no interaction. The pretest revealed that students in both groups did not differ significantly in their mean scores. Both groups belonged to the frustration level. The result indicated that the respondents’ performance incomprehension was the same before the conduct of SSR. The posttest revealed that there was an increase in the performance of students in both groups. However, the improvement was higher in the SSR group. The comparison of post-test results revealed that there is a significant difference in the comprehension level of the respondents between groups. The data proved that SSR significantly improved the reading comprehension of the students.
Keywords: Sustained silent reading, comprehension, reflective journal
This study aimed to determine the pre-service teachers’ conception of the nature of mathematics as a subject and their instructional practices. It employed observation of classes and interview. Results revealed that participants had different conceptions of the nature of Mathematics and its teaching. Most participants view mathematics as problem-solving but tend to present the subject using traditional lecture method. Others also used lecture-discussion, group activity, and peer tutoring on a specific topic for the day but of limited occurrence. Some participants claimed that Mathematics and its teaching is enjoyable and challenging yet, in their classes, these were not manifested. Propositional and procedural knowledge of student-teachers were found to have a significant contribution to their classroom practices. Participants’ views and instructional practices were found to be inconsistent.
Keywords: Pre-service teachers, Mathematics Teaching, Conception
This study assessed the compliance of the government birthing facilities to Essential Intrapartum and Newborn Care (EINC) protocol in the Province of Bukidnon, Philippines.Forty-nine deliveries handled by 37 birth attendants were observed in 7 hospitals and eight lying-in birthing facilities. The level of awareness, training background and the compliance to time-bound interventions were described based on the assessment and observation using the standard EINC assessment tool. Participants were “Moderately Aware” regarding the administrative Order (A.O.) No. 2009-0025, a sequence of four core steps in normal and cesarean section delivery, recommended and unnecessary interventions with an average mean of 3.67. Only twelve (12) out of 27 interventions were compiled based on WHO standards. Consequently, training components contributed to the adoption of EINC when correlated with its compliance. However, only a few participants were trained. The level of awareness significantly influenced the compliance among some birth attendants. However, some aspects of compliance run counter to their awareness and training background that can be attributed to an old familiar behavior.
Keywords: Essential Intrapartum, Newborn Care, Compliance
This study explored the experiences of women’s organizations in Bukidnon. It employed a qualitative method of data collection. Thirteen key informants were selected (based on identified criteria) and interviewed, and five Focus-Group Discussions were conducted to generate in-depth responses about their experiences. The formation of women organizations in the province was inspired by the Philippine Commission on Women, but many of these organizations were formed because of financial support extended by the provincial LGU. Presently, these organizations have already been formed into a federation thus; concrete rules and procedures governing their operations have been formally established. Conducting meetings and participating in various livelihood projects are their major activities. Participation of women in their organizational activities is constrained by their domestic responsibilities. There is a relatively limited participation of the members in the conceptualization of their activities. Problems (financial and relationship) occur in the implementation of their activities and projects. Though there are relevant activities, there is still a need to sustain these especially the livelihood activities.
Keywords: Women, Organization, Mobilization, Local setting